Intellex Acquires Expert by Big Village

We're thrilled to announce that Intellex has acquired Expert by Big Village, effective March 22, 2024. This strategic move enhances our capabilities and strengthens our commitment to delivering exceptional solutions to our customers.

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Expert Details

Lithium Batteries

ID: 108035 Florida, USA

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With over 30 years of experience in battery chemistry, Expert has been working on a CRADA with several US battery companies to develop a carbon that can be used as an anode in lithium-ion batteries. He led a team that studied DOE-developed carbons. The team looked at modification of the synthesis parameters and achieved over 600 mAh/g in test cells. He also worked on the development of a lithium-ion battery for the DOE using this carbon with LiMn2O4 spinel cathode.

Expert worked on the development of a high-reliability, safe lithium sulfur dioxide battery for long life applications. He led a team that discovered the faults leading to premature failure and developed new materials and processes to eliminate such faults. He has redesigned batteries that performed with a reliability of 0.99997 over a 5-year continuous drain period, with no safety incidents.

Expert developed the use of fault-tree analysis to identify the root cause of battery accidents. Using this technique, he discovered the cause of battery explosions in a test chamber and devised a means for preventing a recurrence.

Expert discovered the cause of shock sensitivity in lithium sulfur dioxide cells discharged at low temperatures, and then redesigned the cells to eliminate this problem. He designed a shipping container for safely shipping lithium sulfur dioxide batteries on passenger aircraft and received a DOT exemption allowing such shipment. Expert has co-authored a book on battery safety.

Due to his knowledge of battery chemistry and materials, Expert has gained expertise with manganese dioxide. He led a team that looked at improving LiMn2O4 as a cathode for lithium ion batteries by doping the spinel structure. The program consisted of three parts: computer modeling, synthesis of doped materials, and electrochemical testing.

Expert worked with NASA (Hughes Aircraft) to help design the lithium sulfur dioxide battery for the Galileo probe to Jupiter using the principles developed for the Sandia battery. He designed a test and performed calculations to predict the reliability for a 10-year mission. He also calculated the reliability of numerous systems using fault tree analysis. Expert co-authored a book on battery reliability.


Year Degree Subject Institution
Year: 1962 Degree: PhD Subject: Inorganic Chemistry Institution: Iowa State University
Year: 1958 Degree: BA Subject: Chemistry Institution: Hofstra College

Work History

Years Employer Title Department
Years: 1995 to Present Employer: Undisclosed Title: Department:
Years Employer Title Department
Years: 1961 to 1995 Employer: Sandia National Laboratories Title: Technical Staff Department: Battery Research Department

Career Accomplishments

Associations / Societies
While at Sandia National Laboratory, Expert was promoted to Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff. He is a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the International Meeting on Lithium Batteries. He is also a member of the Electrochemical Society and the American Chemical Society.

Professional Appointments
He was the Chairman of the Battery Division of the Electrochemical Society.

Fields of Expertise

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